This year’s temperature is an all-time high in many parts of India. Landfills are catching fire because of the sun’s direct heat. In cities like Delhi daytime temperatures of 47 degrees and above are causing distress. It is India’s hottest April in the past 122 years. If this situation is in April, think about what will happen in May and June!
And now, when we need temperature control the most, the country is facing record power cuts.
Let’s understand this dual crisis!
Heatwaves are at its peak in Northern part of India.
What are heatwaves?
When the temperature rises to 4 °C as compared to the normal temperature, the condition leads to heatwaves. Currently, in many parts of India, the temperature is more than 6.5° C!
Certain parts of Rajasthan, Haryana, U.P., and Maharashtra are continuously getting orange alerts for a heatwave.
But what difference does it make if the temperature rises by one degree Celsius?
Why is a heatwave dangerous?
In the last 20 years, 1,66,000 people have died from heat waves. A deadly heatwave in Chicago in the year 1995 killed 692 people. More than 3000 people went for hospitalization. 1/3rd of hospitalized people pass away.
Similarly, in 2015 in India, 2,500 people were killed in a heatwave. Heatwaves are a big concern for many people who work in harsh climatic conditions under the hot sun. They work without any protective gear. Usually, the temperature falls at night, and our bodies get a chance to cool themselves down. But during a heatwave, the body can’t cool down because the temperature does not fall at night.
Reasons for heatwaves:
Geographic factors like wind or lack of rainfall In India in March, many parts encounter light rain, which cools the air. This time no such thing was encountered. But the significant factor in the heatwave is climate change.
The chances of heatwaves have increased 30 times now. With the rising heat in summer, we use air conditioners, we purchase coolers, but there is no proper electricity supply.
In India, 75% of the electricity supply is from coal deposits. In six out of ten power plants coal stock levels are critically low.
Because of the Russia and Ukraine wars, there is a global energy crisis.
Even today, many cities do not have proper rules for waste segregation. When wet waste like food scraps, vegetables, and fruit waste is thrown in the bin without segregation, it breaks down and releases methane.
Methane is highly flammable, and the heat causes it to burn. Our cities continue to burn as a result of our inaction and that of our municipalities.
It’s high time for us to take some action against it.
Apart from humans, trees and plants have to bear this heat without water. What about birds and other animals that have to deal with the heat?
All of the above instances cause climate change.
The way Europe and the USA have abused resources in previous decades has led to massive climate problems for all of us. India is a coastal country, and the majority of our population is still dependent on agriculture.
The effects of climate change are going to be more severe.
How can we defeat climate change?
We produce about 120 gigatons of carbon trees absorb that 120 gigaton of carbon, which means our world is in a bit of a perfect balance. But in the last 200 years, we have started producing 10-20 gigatons of extra carbon. Our cars, industries, and food habits are all responsible. The real problem is that there are no provisions to absorb this!
We ideally need 1 trillion trees to save the world. Because these trees absorb our carbon and the carbon of our future generations. We, as an individual, cannot plant 1 trillion trees, but we can at least grow a single tree by ourselves!