Do you know – which form of railways provides the most profit?
The answer is – “goods train”, a train which carries different kinds of items for import and export purposes. It constitutes about 60-70% profit to the railways.
The passenger trains that provide only 20-30% of profit is always a priority for its maintenance and all.
So, even though the goods train is more economically viable, passenger trains always have an edge over it.
It leads to hefty losses to the railways. Therefore, to tackle the situation; the ruling government designed a project which is currently under implementation its name is: DFC-Dedicated Freight Corridors.
This project is carried by a company named DFCCIL-Dedicated Freight Corridors Corporate India Ltd.
What is DFC (Dedicated Freight Corridor)?
As the name suggests, the project dedicates making a separate rail line for the goods train exclusively.
The project consists of two different routes:
1-W(West)-DFC- The line stretches from Jawaharlal Nehru Port in Mumbai (Maharashtra) to Dadri in Uttar Pradesh. The total distance it covers is 1504km.
2-E(East)-DFC-Stretching from Ludhiana in Punjab to Dankuni in West Bengal. The total distance it covers is 1856 km.
The plan also claims to increase the industries and factories alongside these railway lines to save the logistical/transportation expenses.
What is a logistic-Park? How DFC would help in import-export services?
There is a humungous area of land alongside the coastline. The majority of imports and export take place through ships. So, the land would be required where the containers should be assembled, unloaded, and reloaded. To reach these areas Railway connectivity is required.
Earlier, when railway connectivity was not well equipped, ships used to wait for days for the products but the products didn’t arrive on time.
These things lead to huge losses and also wastage of time. Therefore, to maintain good connectivity and ease of transportation, DFCs are created.
Basic objectives of DFC:
On average, the goods train travel at 30-40km/hr of speed, and with the advancement in this project, the target is to increase its speed up to 100km/hr that would be a great success!
This project also emphasizes the use of electric trains rather than diesel-led trains, the reason being Deisel-led trains create a lot of pollution and involve a lot of expenses for buying diesel.
By this we can save up to 1200 crore /- and that’s a huge profit. These trains will be able to load weights of about 13000 tonnes that is huge if you compare with a truck that can only carry 10 tonnes of weight!
These goods trains will not pass through any label crossing it will go through underpasses or bridges wherever possible so that it doesn’t have to wait unnecessarily and can travel at a constant pace.
Significance of Aravalli tunnel made for DFC project:
The Aravalli hill, found near Haryana (located in western DFC), was coming in between the railway line, and to rotate the railway track, it would have taken additional 40kms. So, DFCCIL created a tunnel inside this hill. Though the tunnel is 1km long, it is the first one of its kind in the whole world!
Because the height of the tunnel was so high, that trains carrying double-stacked packages can easily pass through. Also, the trains are electricity-led within that height.
Control room of trains led in DFC:
A huge and only control room prepared to keep a check on trains is created in Prayagraj. It will look after eastern as well as western DFCs.
The loading and unloading of the items will be assisted by the Stationmaster.
Advantage of DFC line over passenger rail line:
So, the railway stations on average have a length of 700m due to which the goods train also has to be 700m or less. With the introduction of DFC, special stations will be created, these stations have a length that will be increased up to 2km! This will be a great advantage in terms of logistical profit.
These lights are installed at the distance of 1 km, the advantage is that whenever a train passes through any signal it will turn red(to stop), the successive signal will turn yellow(to slow down to 30kmph) the next signal will turn two lights yellow
(to slow down to 60kmph) and the fourth signal will be green(indicating a clear path).
Credit: Raghuram Bhat – Railways
Presently, Indian railways only constitute a 30% share in transportation in goods and the majority is led by trucks which is not a good thing because trains can hold more goods and travel faster and too long distances. DFC’s can be a game-changer for Indian railways and presently the project is in progress, the target is to reach up to 50% share of transportation by the year 2050.